Glaucoma is a disease of the optic nerve, the optic nerve is the part of the eye that carries images to the brain. The optic nerve is made up of many fibers. When damage to optic nerve fibers occurs, blind spots develop. These blind spots usually go undetected until the entire nerve is damaged and blindness can result. Early detection and treatment by an Ophthalmologist can prevent optic nerve damage and blindness from glaucoma. Regular check-ups are always important.
A Cataract is a clouding of the normally clear lens of the eye. It can be compared to a window that is distorted or yellowed. The cloudiness in the lens can vary. If the cloudiness is not near the center of the eye, you may not be aware the cataract is present. If vision is affected surgery is necessary.
Dry eye is a common condition. Symptoms such as burning, itching, red eyes; sensitivity to light; and significant tearing occur. In fact, because if eyes are tearing, patients don’t believe they have dry eyes. The tearing occurs due to the lack of good basic tears needed to lubricate the eye. The body recognizes this, and reflex tears are secreted to try to make up for the lack of good tears. Hence, the feeling the eye is tearing. The reflex tears don’t lubricate the eye properly and dry eyes persist. There are many new treatments available to correct this problem.
If you are Diabetic, your body does not use and store sugar properly. High blood sugar levels can damage blood vessels in the retina, the nerve layer at the back of the eye that senses light and helps to send images to the brain. The damage to retinal vessels is referred to as diabetic retinopathy. Early detection is very important to treat this disease.
Macular degeneration is a deterioration or breakdown of the macula. The macula is a small area in the retina that allows you to see fine details clearly and perform activities such as reading and driving. When the macula does not function properly, your vision can be affected by dark areas and blurriness. Macular degeneration affects your ability to see near and far, and some activities become impossible. Early detection is important to control and monitor this disease.
A Chalazion is an enlargement of an oil-producing gland in the eyelid called the meibomian gland. It forms when the gland opening becomes clogged with oil secretions. It is not caused by an infection from bacteria. There are many treatment options available.
A Pterygium is a fleshy growth that invades the cornea. It is an abnormal process in which the conjuctiva grows into the cornea. A Ptergium may be small or grow large enough to interfere with the vision and commonly occurs on the inner corner of the eye. It is important to treat this condition before it affects vision.